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Understanding Girl Bullying and What to Do About It
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Understanding Girl Bullying and What to Do About It
Strategies to Help Heal the Divide



March 2009 | 152 pages | Corwin
Girl bullying, also called relational aggression, is a very real and pervasive problem in schools. Studies show that bullying is as common in girls as it is in boys, but that it can be more covert and thus more difficult for school professionals to detect and address. This book covers the causes and characteristics of relational aggression and outlines assessment, prevention, and intervention methods for counsellors, administrators, teachers, and parents. Included are sample forms and checklists that educators can use to document and address bullying for both the perpetrator and the victim. This resource blends academic, empirical, and practical perspectives to answer the questions of:

- What girl bullying is

- Why it happens

- What it looks like

- How to measure it

- How to help girls deal with incidents

 
List of Tables and Figures
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Authors
 
Introduction
 
1. Understanding Relational and Social Aggression
Definitions of Relational and Social Aggression

 
Cyberbullying

 
Why Use Relational and Social Aggression?

 
Evolutionary Psychology

 
Systemic (Social and Cultural) Influences

 
Social Learning Theory

 
Developmental Perspective

 
What Does It Feel Like to Be in a Relationally and Socially Aggressive Climate?

 
Rules of Engagement

 
Conclusion

 
 
2. Measuring Relational and Social Aggression
Sociometric Procedures

 
Questionnaires and Surveys

 
Teacher Rating Scales and Reports

 
Parent Reports

 
Student Self-Reports

 
Interview Strategies

 
Focus Groups

 
Observations

 
Ethical Considerations in Assessment

 
Conclusion

 
 
3. School-Based Interventions
Factors in Selecting Interventions

 
Primary Prevention Programs: Support for Child Development

 
Secondary Intervention Programs: Schoolwide Support

 
Tertiary Prevention Programs: Targeted Interventions for Students

 
Conclusion

 
 
4. Strategies for Working With Parents and Teachers
Working With Parents of Relationally Aggressive Girls

 
Using Enactments With Parents of Relationally Aggressive Girls

 
Working with Parents of Relationally Victimized Girls

 
Using Enactments with Parents of Relationally Victimized Girls

 
Consulting With Teachers

 
Consulting With Teachers in Working With Girls Who Use Relational Aggression

 
Consulting With Teachers in Helping Relationally Victimized Girls

 
Conclusion

 
 
5. Goodwill Girls: A Small-Group Curriculum
Using Group Counseling With Victims and Perpetrators

 
The Goodwill Girls Small-Group Curriculum

 
Conclusion

 
 
Appendix: Handouts for Goodwill Girls Small-Group Curriculum
 
References
 
Index

“A useful tool for school counselors that outlines the root causes of girl bullying. It provides examples of ways to assess relational aggression in schools, as well as possible interventions.”

Jennifer Betters, School Counselor
Sugar Creek Elementary School, Verona, WI

“This book fills a major void in the literature and serves as a great resource for educators, mental health professionals, and parents.”

James L. Moore III, Associate Professor of Counselor Education
The Ohio State University

“This book will unquestionably help counselors do better work.”

Philip Kavanagh, Guidance Director
Lakeland Central School District, Shrub Oak, NY

“This is a well-researched book that integrates theory and research with applications.”

Carol Dahir, Associate Professor of Counselor Education
New York Institute of Technology

"This book provides useful definitions, examples, and suggestions--as well as ready-to-use surveys and small-group curriculum--making it a useful tool for a school social worker. "

Lynn R. Zakeri, School Counselor
School Social Work Journal, March 2011, Vol. 35, No. 2

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