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Teaching Students With Learning Disabilities
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Teaching Students With Learning Disabilities
A Step-by-Step Guide for Educators



May 2008 | 192 pages | Corwin

This book is a featured text in a Canter graduate course, Supporting Students With Learning Disabilities: Strategies for Success K-6.


"Provides the reader with a very clear understanding of the student with learning disabilities. This book addresses in detail all the possible processing weaknesses and provides strategies to help a student access the general education curriculum. It's something you can pick up, locate valuable information in, and refer to time and again."
—Esther M. Eacho, Special Education Teacher
Fairfax County Public Schools, VA

Discover how to effectively meet the needs of students with learning disabilities!

Learning disabilities (LD) vary with each student, and teaching strategies for learners with LD must be responsive to individual differences. Written in an easy-to-read format by experts in special education, this step-by-step guide presents a comprehensive look at learning disabilities, such as cognitive or memory deficits, social-emotional problems, and dyslexia, and discusses appropriate academic instruction, behavioral interventions, and classroom accommodations for learners with LD.

Aligned with the reauthorization of IDEA 2004, this resource also covers communicating with parents, the school's responsibilities in the special education process, and legal issues for educators and parents. General and special education teachers will find numerous reproducible forms, a complete glossary of terms, and information on topics such as:

  • Promoting positive social interactions
  • IEP development and educational placement options
  • Postsecondary education options, vocational assessments, and other transition services
  • The role of Response to Intervention (RTI)

Teaching Students With Learning Disabilities provides an invaluable set of tools to help teachers create a positive learning environment and foster a sense of belonging for all learners.

 
Dedications
 
About the Authors
 
Preface
 
1. Overview of Learning Disabilities
IDEA Definition of a Specific Learning Disability  
Overview of Specific Learning Disabilities  
Key Facts About Learning Disabilities  
Causes of a Specific Learning Disability  
Age of Onset for Specific Learning Disabilities  
Gender Features for Specific Learning Disabilities  
Cultural Features for Specific Learning Disabilities  
Familial Patterns for Specific Learning Disabilities  
Co-morbidity for Specific Learning Disabilities  
Discrepancy in Diagnosing a Learning Disability  
The Exclusionary Clause  
Characteristics of Specific Learning Disabilities  
Educational Implications of Specific Learning Disabilities  
 
2. Characteristics of Children With Learning Disabilities
Overview  
Academic Achievement Deficits  
Language Deficits  
Disorders of Attention  
Achievement Discrepancy  
Memory Deficits  
Cognitive Deficits  
Metacognition Deficits  
Social-Emotional Problems  
Nonverbal Learning Disorders (NLD)  
Motivational and Attribution Problems  
Perceptual Deficits  
 
3. Types of Learning Disabilities
Auditory Processing Disorders  
Dyscalculia (Arithmetic Disorder)  
Dysgraphia (Writing Disorders)  
Dyslexia (Reading Disorders)  
Dysorthographia (Spelling Disorders)  
Nonverbal Learning Disabilities (Nonverbal Learning Disorders or NLD)  
Organizational Learning Disorders  
Social Cue Disorder  
Visual Processing Disorders  
 
4. Eligibility Criteria for Learning Disabilities
Step I. Becoming Familiar With the Characteristics of Students With Specific Learning Disabilities  
Step II. Determining the Procedures and Assessment Measures To Be Used  
Step III. Determination of Eligibility for a Diagnosis of a Specific Learning Disability  
 
5. Responsiveness to Intervention (RTI)
Overview of Responsiveness to Intervention (RTI)  
Purpose of RTI  
Importance of RTI  
Is RTI a New Approach?  
Core Principles of RTI  
Rationale for Replacing the Discrepancy Model With RTI  
Major Issues Related to the Use of the Concept of Achievement-Ability Discrepancy  
Why RTI Was Considered in the Process of SLD Determination  
The Role RTI Should Play in the Identification of Children With Specific Learning Disabilities  
Can RTI Be Used as the Sole Determinant for SLD Classification?  
In the Big Picture, How Does RTI Fit Into the Determination of LD Process?  
Continuum of Intervention Support for At-Risk Students  
Parent Involvement, An Important Component for Successful RTI Programs  
Fidelity  
The RTI Process for Teachers  
What Teachers Need in Terms of Professional Development and RTI  
 
6. Effective Teaching Strategies for Students With LD
Academic Instruction  
Behavioral Interventions  
Classroom Accommodations  
 
7. Promoting Positive Social Interactions Among Students With and Without Learning Disabilities in an Inclusion Setting
Introduction  
Review of Inclusion  
Principles of Effective Inclusion  
Why Are Social Skills Important?  
Social-Cognitive Skill Development  
The Role of Social Skills at School  
Strategies to Foster a Sense of Belonging in the Inclusion Classroom  
Creating a Positive Inclusion Classroom Climate  
Teaching Social Skills Through Role-Playing and Observation  
The Inclusion Classroom Teacher's Power to Model Acceptance  
Promoting Positive Social Interactions Among Students With and Without Learning Disabilities in an Inclusion Setting  
 
8. IEP Development and Educational Placement Options for Students With Learning Disabilities
Overview of the IEP Committee  
Members of the IEP Committee  
Responsibilities of the IEP Committee  
IDEA 2004 and IEP Committee Meeting: What to Know  
Development of the Information Packet for Presentation to the IEP Committee  
Required Forms  
How Recommendations for Classification Are Made by the IEP Committee  
Specific Educational Placement (LRE) Considerations According to IDEA 2004  
Appealing the Decision of the IEP Committee  
Other Roles of the IEP Committee  
IEP Development  
Components to Be Included in the IEP  
Questions and Answers About the IEP Under IDEA 2004  
 
9. Transition Services for Students With Learning Disabilities
The Transitional Process  
The Intent of Transition Services  
The Importance of Transition Services for Individuals With Learning Disabilities  
The Introduction of Transition Services  
The Individualized Transition Plan (ITP)  
Transition Services  
Special Considerations for Students With Learning Disabilities  
Employment Services  
Vocational Assessments  
Leisure/Recreational Experiences  
Advantages of Special Leisure Programs  
Individual Concerns When Faced With Leisure Activities  
Postsecondary Education Options  
When to Begin College Planning  
Understanding Legal Rights Pertaining to Postsecondary Education  
Identifying the Desirable Characteristics of a College  
Disability-Related Support Services  
Assistive Technology  
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

"Provides the reader with a very clear understanding of the student with learning disabilities. This book addresses in detail all the possible processing weaknesses and provides strategies to help a student access the general education curriculum. It’s something you can pick up, locate valuable information in, and refer to time and again."

Esther M. Eacho, Special Education Teacher
Fairfax County Public Schools, VA

"This book provides numerous effective strategies that will help teachers meet a variety of student needs."

Alyssa M. Carter, Administrator of Federal Programs
Kuna Jt. School District No. 3, ID

"A tool for the practitioner looking for reasons and interventions. This should be on every principal's book shelf. Even parents could really benefit from reading about the journey they will be taking with their child."

Janette Bowen, Sixth-Grade Special Education Teacher
Junction City Middle School, KS

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