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Guiding Change in Special Education

Guiding Change in Special Education
How to Help Schools With New Ideas and Practices

Foreword by Maurice McInerney

November 2003 | 296 pages | Corwin
Create a new reality by guiding your team to successful changes in special education!

Meeting the challenge of teaching a child with a disability…optimizing the potential of a classroom of troubled students...seeing the look of understanding on a child's face—these are the ideals of special education.

Making these ideals reality often requires change. As an educator, you realize this, and you would like to make a difference in your school. But how? Guiding Change in Special Education illustrates the seven stages of school change then, stage by stage, Havelock and Hamilton provide explanations and advice for incorporating each stage into your change process. At the core of the process are these change agents:

  • Local educators trying to ensure that no child with a disability is left behind
  • Parents advocating change because they care deeply about the cause
  • Consultants available to help people act more effectively as a team
  • Academics able to efficiently pinpoint needs within special education
  • Experts with specialized knowledge to offer solutions to problems
  • Informal marketing and sales people to help get the word out The "Linker"—an important player who connects people and resources, finds support, and helps organize the group
Making changes can turn ideals into reality—applying the right process and building a team of dedicated people will yield success.
Maurice McInerney
About the Authors
Case Study
Stage 1. Care: Establishing the Need for Action
Someone Must Care Enough to Make It All Worthwhile  
A Three-Step Model of Change: Unfreeze-Move-Refreeze  
How School Systems Show (and Don't Show) That They Are in Trouble  
Inside Versus Outside Forces  
Linking Agent as Connector and Orchestrator of Forces  
Whose Responsibility? The Value Issues in Helping  
Care: Summary  
Stage 2. Relate: Building a Relationship
Build a Good Relationship With the People You Are Trying to Help  
Diagram Your School or School District as a Social Network  
Linker Configurations  
How to Size Up Your Relationship  
Final Word on Relationship Building  
Relate: Summary  
Stage 3. Examine: Understanding the Problem
Turn Cares Into Problems You Can Solve  
Making a Good Diagnosis  
The Data Collection Phase  
The Analytic Phase  
Making a Diagnostic Inventory  
Systemic Analysis: Understanding the System  
A Data Collection Process  
A Set of Rating Dimensions  
Creating a Diagnostic Matrix/Checklist That Points to Solutions  
Integrating Diagnosis With the Other Stages  
Examine: Summary  
Stage 4. Acquire: Seeking and Finding Relevant Resources
The Money Theory of Change  
The People Theory of Change  
The Knowledge Theory of Change  
Acquiring Materials (= Packaged Knowledge)  
Acquire: Summary  
Stage 5. Try: Moving From Knowledge to Action
Giving a Fair Trial to a Well-Considered Solution  
Pretrial Feasibility Testing: Comparing and Selecting the Best  
Plan the Implementation  
What Is the Process?  
How Can You Evaluate Process?  
What Are the Outcomes?  
Can You Measure Outcomes?  
Cautions on Evaluation  
Using the Results  
Sharing With Your Team  
Try: Summary  
Stage 6. Extend: Gaining Deeper and Wider Acceptance
Issues About Adoption and Diffusion  
Solidifying Adoption at the Trial Site (Keeping Going)  
Expanding Change at the Trial Site  
Extending the Trial to Proximate Sites (Follow-On Adoption)  
Extending Adoption to the Larger System  
Variations of the Adoption Curve  
Going Wider: Strategies and Tactics (The Second Stage of Diffusion)  
Extend: Summary  
Stage 7. Renew: Encouraging Ongoing Change
How Do Systems Absorb Changes?  
Improve the Process  
Keep the Change Fresh  
Create a Self-Renewal Capacity  
From Item Change to System Change  
Installing the Change Function  
Terminating and Moving On  
Renew: Summary  
Summary and Synthesis

Sample Materials & Chapters

Foreword by Maurice McInerney, PhD


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