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Feedback for Continuous Improvement in the Classroom

Feedback for Continuous Improvement in the Classroom
New Perspectives, Practices, and Possibilities

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February 2023 | 320 pages | Corwin

Put feedback to work for everyone to make a difference—now

Feedback connects, deepens communication, and helps everyone focus on advancing student learning. What if you could use the dimensions and facets of formative feedback in ways that emphasize authenticity, equity, and care for ALL students?

Educators Brent Duckor and Carrie Holmberg show you how to plan, enact, and reflect on feedback practices within lessons and across units using an accessible, comprehensive, and innovative framework that illuminates the path towards equity and excellence for all. With evidence-based research and real classroom examples, Feedback for Continuous Improvement in the Classroom answers:

  • What is formative feedback? How does it influence student outcomes and teacher pedagogy?
  • Why are well-defined learning goals, aligned with rich tasks and progress guides, essential to making feedback truly formative?
  • What are essential facets of teacher, peer, and self-driven feedback?
  • How does feedback work best in whole-class, small group, or individual configurations?
  • What can make written, spoken, and nonverbal feedback modalities more effective—for all?
  • How can focusing on feedback improve learning across all subject matter disciplines?

Prompts for self-reflection, videos, vignettes, and scaffolds throughout help readers see how effective feedback can be embedded into classrooms and school communities committed to discovery, growth, and deeper learning.

How to Use this Book
List of Videos
Chapter 1: On the Role of Learning Goals, Tasks and Cycles of Feedback for Continuous Improvement
Chapter 2: Teacher-driven Formative Feedback
Chapter 3: Peer-driven Formative Feedback
Chapter 4: “Self-driven” Formative Feedback
Chapter 5: Configurations: Formative Feedback with the Whole Class
Chapter 6: Configurations: Formative Feedback with Small Groups
Chapter 7: Configurations: Formative Feedback with Individuals
Chapter 8: Formative Feedback in Written Modalities
Chapter 9: Spoken Formative Feedback
Chapter 10: Nonverbal Formative Feedback
Self-Study Checklist

"The power of this book stems from the different ways the authors support the reader’s own learning using some of the same techniques they promote with students. Using guiding questions and the SOLO taxonomy, the reader is invited to gauge their own learning about formative assessment and feedback along the way. A 'Ticket Out the Door' section at the close of each chapter prompts both further practice and reflection. All this adds up to skillfully answering the central question of the book: 'How can we use feedback effectively and equitably to ensure all of our students are ready for college and the workplace, because they know how and are able to use feedback for continuous improvement?'"

Alisa Bailey, Ph.D.
Former Project Director for Assessing English Language Proficiency at the Center for The Study of Evaluation & National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST)

"Teachers love to give verbal feedback, but meaningful feedback that acknowledges the work, gives specifics, and pushes for students to continue to grow is a hard balance. The combinations of verbal, nonverbal, and written feedback suggested in this book can make a tangible difference, especially when we think of English learners."

Amber Andrade
Principal, Morgan Hill Unified School District

"There is a general consensus in the field that instructional feedback has a great potential to improve a range of student outcomes. However, questions of how it works, for whom, and under what instructional circumstances still stand. If you want to understand the nature, purpose, applications, processing, and caveats of feedback, Feedback for Continuous Improvement in the Classroom is for you. It is a terrific resource for teacher candidates, in-service teachers, and researchers who want a quick yet thorough introduction into the field of feedback."

Anastasiya Lipnevich, Ph.D.
Professor, Queens College & the Graduate Center, City University of New York

"Duckor and Holmberg’s latest book Feedback for Continuous Improvement in the Classroom challenges society’s obsession with grades, turning our attention towards ways in which specific, timely formative feedback invites TK-12 students to reflect upon, deepen, and stretch their thinking – shedding light on understanding and possibilities. Going beyond the research findings, this book proposes actionable ways teachers might better embed formative feedback into their curriculum, creating a feedback-rich school culture—one classroom, one student, at a time."

Annamarie M. Francois, Ed.D
Executive Director, UCLA Center X and UC Representative, California Commission on Teacher Credentialing, UCLA School of Education & Information Studies

"Busy practitioners want to know what to do tomorrow. Duckor and Holmberg’s Feedback for Continuous Improvement in the Classroom delivers the “Try it tomorrow” and “Tech tips” to get feedback happening—now— in your classroom. The authors open up new possibilities with Progress Guides for student, peer and teacher assessment that deepens learning. All teacher educators can use this book as a resource to teach the How and the Why, while getting new feedback processes and routines up and running with novices and more seasoned instructors at your school. Both practical and philosophically grounded, this book is a worthy addition to the playbook of any progressive, equity minded educator."

Ben Daley
President, High Tech High Graduate School of Education

"This book couldn’t be more timely. As the world heals from a pandemic and school leaders and teachers are expected to accelerate student learning and address their social-emotional needs, the commitment to feedback-for-all can help us feel and be more connected. Duckor and Holmberg understand that formative assessment and continuous feedback are critical to engaging, eliciting, and extending student learning. This book provides concrete research-based tools, with videos, reflective questions, vignettes, and self-assessments, to help us engage students in their learning through formative feedback."

Blanca Baltazar-Sabbah, Ed.D.
Former Associate Superintendent, Salinas Unified High School District

"Huge kudos to Brent Duckor and Carrie Holmberg for offering our communities Feedback for Continuous Improvement in the Classroom: New Perspectives, Practices and Possibilities. The depth, breadth and practicality of this book will be a great tool for teachers and those who support teachers in improving teaching, learning and assessment. Our own Gold Standard for Project Based Learning Design and Teaching Elements are highly aligned with the tools and processes detailed in Duckor and Holmberg's book. Their unique focus on long cycle projects, utilizing different lenses on feedback, with shared Progress Guides, is a welcome innovation."

Bob Lenz
President, PBL Works

"Brent and Carrie's commitment to every child having the right to learn as part of democratic education shines through the book, as does their commitment to feedback as the exchange of information that serves as the link between equity and excellence. Throughout the text, research evidence is interleaved with practical examples and prompts for reflection and self-assessment. Throughout, the nature of and possibilities for student participation are outlined with sensitivity and respect for student ideas and agency."

Bronwen Cowie. Ph.D.
Professor and Associate Dean of Research, University of Waikato

"Brent and Carrie’s new book seamlessly weaves together research on formative feedback with issues of equity and pedagogical content knowledge, all while illustrating key ideas with student and teacher voices. This book will be a go-to resource to support teacher learning communities find meaningful entry points into this critical work."

Caroline E. Wylie, Ph.D.
Principal Research Scientist/Research Director, K-12 Teaching, ETS

"Brent Duckor and Carrie Holmberg’s Feedback for Continuous Improvement in the Classroom is a must-read for educators at every level.  It is chock full of practical examples, guiding questions and the perfect guide for improving assessment practices in classrooms."

Carrie Bosco, Ed.D.
Assistant Superintendent, Curriculum & Instruction, Los Altos School District

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ISBN: 9781544361574

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