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Designing Instruction

Designing Instruction
Making Best Practices Work in Standards-Based Classrooms

October 2007 | 352 pages | Corwin

"A fresh new approach that strengthens the need for teaching with creative thinking strategies for administrative leadership teams. Few textbooks have such detailed examples combined with the background study of best practices. The authors have great credibility, experience, resources, and abundant research to support their proposal. A very well-written text offering ample review of the research."
—Sara E. Spruce, Professor of Education
Olivet Nazarene University

Use this research-based instructional model to meet students' achievement goals!

As the achievement gap between advantaged and disadvantaged students gets wider, teachers and administrators need a proven process to help all students meet the requirements of NCLB. This practitioner-friendly guidebook provides a step-by-step approach to a complete standards-based curriculum and the integration of best practices into the delivery and assessment of instruction in every classroom.

The authors present three capacity-building features of the design process: (1) training for building leadership teams to help teachers plan and lead the reform process, (2) stewardship training to assist district administrators and principals in supporting and sustaining the implemented reforms, and (3) a collaborative observation process to help teachers work together and in partnership with principals to monitor and improve classroom instruction.

Offering an education model that has been field-tested with more than 50 school districts in the U.S. and Canada, this book shows school leaders how to maximize collaborative observation and other team leadership processes to integrate reforms into a school's existing culture. Educators will learn ways to:

  • Integrate instructional design with successful instructional reform
  • Strengthen the learning culture through standards
  • Develop effective performance indicators
  • Apply curriculum mapping to instructional design

Designing Instruction supports teachers and administrators working together to raise student achievement by using proven instructional design and best practices.

About the Authors
Our Journey Through School Reform  
Enter Instructional Design  
The Purpose for This Book  
The Five Parts  
Who Should Buy This Book  
Part I. School Reform Is All About What Happens in the Classroom
1. Instructional Design as the Catalyst for Successful School Reform
The Eight Core Elements of Successful School Reform  
How Does Instructional Design Integrate With Successful School Reform?  
Three-Year Time Frame  
2. Performance Indicators: The Passkey to Standards-Based Curriculum
What's in the Name?  
The Criteria for Valid Performance Indicators  
How the Standards Are Organized  
Not Classroom Ready, but That's Okay  
Using Standards to Strengthen the Learning Culture and Increase Expectations  
The Process of Developing Performance Indicators  
Frequently Asked Questions and Related Issues  
What to Do During the Pilot of Performance Indicators  
"Are We There Yet?"  
Part II. Planning
3. Curriculum Mapping
Not a New Concept  
Features and Physical Layout of the Curriculum Map  
The Instructional Design Aproach to Curriculum Mapping  
Teacher-Administrator Accountability  
Frequently Asked Questions About the Curriculum Mapping Process  
Ensuring a Successful Rollout of the Curriculum Maps  
The Three-Year Time Frame  
4. Unit Planning: Rationale and Format
The Unit Plan Format for Instructional Design  
Considerations in Developing Unit Plans  
Frequently Asked Questions About Unit Plans  
The Three-Year Time Frame  
Part III. Best Practices in Unit Planning and Delivery
5. Unit Planning: Motivation and Information
Bloom's Taxonomy  
6. Unit Planning: Learning Constructs
Organizational Patterns  
Writing Summary  
Note Taking  
Math-Problem Analysis and Problem Solving  
Vocabulary and Context Clues  
Graphic Organizers  
Levels of Questioning  
Similarities and Differences  
7. Unit Planning: Delivery Strategies
Lecture or Explanation  
Guided Discussion  
Inquiry, or Formulating and Testing Hypotheses  
Learning Circles  
Socratic Seminar  
Action Research  
Advance Organizer  
Part IV. Assessment
8. Unit Planning: Assessment and Culmination
Part V. Capacity-Building
9. Capacity-Building to Integrate Classroom Reform Into the Deep Culture of Each School
How the Data Should Be Used by Teachers and Administrators  
Building Leadership Teams  
Administrative Stewardship  
Collaborative Observations  
Appendix A: Ohio Summary of Results  
Appendix B: River Bend Local Schools  
Appendix C: Various Methods to Determine Mastery of Performance Indicators  
Selcted References

"Exceptionally useful, well-organized, and supported by research."

Linda Diaz, Program Specialist for Professional Development
Monroe County School District, Key West, FL

"A fresh new approach that offers creative thinking strategies for administrative leadership teams. Few textbooks have such detailed examples combined with the background study of best practices. The authors have great credibility, experience, resources, and abundant research to support their proposal. A very well-written text offering ample review of the research."

Sara E. Spruce, Professor of Education
Olivet Nazarene University

"We used the Designing Instruction process to redefine our entire curriculum and instructional program, and our student achievement has shown steady improvement!"

Cynthia A. Lemmerman, Superintendent
The Fostoria Community Schools, OH

"The Designing Instruction process helped us focus our efforts on effective teaching practices and the overall improvement of our entire delivery system. We have dramatically improved our pedagogy and the learning outcomes of our students."

Jon Hood, Principal
Maryland Elementary School, Bexley, OH

"Through the Designing Instruction process, our district empowered teachers to design a standards-based curriculum, develop yearlong curriculum maps, and devise unit plans that integrate best practice teaching and testing methods into every classroom, and our principals have become the stewards who facilitate and sustain the process!"

Lynne Gale, District Administrator
Hamilton Township Schools, NJ

"What a godsend! Our teachers developed a K-12 standards-based curriculum in math and language arts, and teams of teachers developed course tools that were based on best practice research to deliver our new curriculum in every classroom. As our test scores began to go up, the gap between sub-groups began to narrow. We are thrilled with our success, and the district has continued the process ever since."

Joan Sigafoos, Retired School Improvement Director
Elyria City Schools, OH

"My highest priority was for schoolwide reform that would improve daily classroom instruction—a comprehensive program that would assist teachers in their choice of curriculum, their efforts to differentiate, and their choice of teaching-learning strategies. What we've accomplished using the Designing Instruction program has been outstanding!"

Meredith Davis, Principal
Sanford Middle School, Minneapolis, MN

"An invaluable, practical guide for teachers and administrators and education libraries at the college level."

The Bookwatch, December 2007
Midwest Book Review

"The authors outline instructional design within the context of school reform. By presenting the material in an accessible way, the book combines theory with practical applications."

Education Libraries, Spring 2008, Vol. 30(3)

Updated content

Dr Fernando Mortera-Gutierrez
Education , Monterrey College of Technology - Monterrey
February 15, 2010

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